Metal detectors are pretty exciting tools. They allow users to find nails, ancient coins, sunken treasures, and gold sediments. Essentially, a metal detectors’ purpose is to find, well, metals. But can metal detectors find bullets?
Yes, metal detectors can find bullets. Metal detectors operate by sensing changes in the electromagnetic field around a metal object. Because bullets are made of electrically conductive materials like brass, lead and steel a metal detector will get a strong “signal” from a bullet. Finding bullets with metal detectors is how relic hunters and police recreate past events.
The average bullet consists of metals. There are other types of bullets, like rubber bullets. However, if you consider an average shell, it’s a metallic object by definition.
Nevertheless, this article will delve into how metal detectors find bullets. You’re welcome to sit down and learn more about the science behind it all.
As shared earlier, metal detectors can find bullets. It all lies in the metallic composition of the bullet and the metal detector in use. Some Mid-tier and expensive metal detectors can find shells because they have target options on the screen.
Let’s give an in-depth explanation as to how that all comes about.
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According to the National Forensic Science Technology Center, a bullet consists of the following materials:
- A Solid Bullet is swaged and cast in lead, or a single metal composed of either aluminum, zinc, copper alloys, or brass.
- Bullet Jackets consist of either copper alloys, brass, aluminum, nickel, or steel.
- A Bullet Core consists of heavier metal like lead or steel.
- Bullet Coatings are typically copper, brass, nylon, or Teflon.
- Lastly, the modern sabots consist of plastic. The sabot is a sleeve or adaptor surrounding the bullet and allows the user to fire it from a caliber.
The NRA shares that there are five primary types of bullets. The bullets typically consist of the same material, but they tend to differ here and there. Nevertheless, here are the main types of bullets:
- Flat-base bullets
- Hemispherical bullets (usually found in Europe)
- Boattail rebated bullets
- Hollow or recessed bullets
- Boattail-standard bullets
You might have come across rubber bullets and wondered if a metal detector can find one. The answer is a simple yes. Both the bullet’s core and jacket consist of metal, so a metal detector is likely to find one.
A metal detector can find any of the types of bullets mentioned above thanks to metal manufacturers use to make the bullets. Now that that’s out of the way, we can discuss the answer to this article’s central question: Can metal detectors find bullets?
Metal Detecting Tip: Without properly registering any ammunition before boarding a plane, a metal detector WILL find it. TSA Guidelines
There’s a science and historical aspect to how metal detectors find bullets. You can try asking yourself how does law enforcement find missing bullets? Well, they use specialized metal detectors to find bullets in strange places like forests or grasslands.
The term specialized refers to high-quality metal detectors suited to finding bullets in criminal cases or the like.
Medical treatment is a major factor in the development of finding bullets. Just think of how many people have been shot, and treating the patient involves locating a bullet.
So, let’s go back in history – metal detector history, that is.
In 1874, a Parisian inventor, Gustave Trouvé, created a device to find bullets in patients. In 1881, Alexander Graham Bell (yes, the guy that created the telephone) refined the invention to locate a bullet embedded in President James Garfield’s back. Unfortunately, the attempt failed, and the president died from the gunshot wound.
Once people realized that maybe metal detectors were pretty helpful, they used them in World War I and II to locate land mines.
In 1931, Gerhard Fischer made a metal detector that consumers could purchase and use. Finally, in the 50s, metal detecting became a massive hobby and led to a demand for metal detectors. Since then, metal detecting has contributed to society, and you can find some of these treasures on display in a museum.
Metal Detecting Tip: If you really want to dig into the portable metal detector science, read the patent that Gerhard Fischer filed – find it here – Portable Metal Detector
So, you can now understand that initially, inventors created metal detectors to find bullets within patients and for physicians to remove them. The theory and practical part worked, but it only gained momentum in the 50s due to increased hobbyists.
This explanation was the historical explanation to answer the question: can metal detectors find bullets? Now it’s time for the more modern scientific aspect of how metal detectors do it.
Before buying a metal detector, you ought to have educated yourself on the features of a metal detector and how to use one. One of the essential features is the discrimination feature.
A discriminator is your metal detector’s ability to ignore unwanted signals and allowing only the wanted signals to make a sound. So, if you’re looking for a bullet, you could focus on specific metals. Bullets mainly consist of lead, so that you could choose lead as your target metal.
Another example, you can think of nails. The majority of nails consist of iron. So, if you don’t want to find iron, you can silence your metal detector whenever it passes over an iron object. You can do the same with bullets but vice versa.
Since you prioritize lead, you can silence all the other metals and let your metal detector make a sound when you’ve come across a lead object. Different bullets consist of different materials; you need to have some backstory on which type of bullet you’re looking for, what material it consists of, and the caliber that shot the bullet.
However, there might be an instance where you ‘accidentally’ find a bullet or maybe an empty shell while prospecting. The possibilities are endless, but the discrimination feature can be both your friends and your enemy.
Another great thing about the discrimination feature is that it reduces the risk of ear fatigue. Many metal detecting enthusiasts will use headphones to listen out for signals. Some metal detectors also come with a loudspeaker option while also giving users a headphone jack. The possibilities are endless with this tool.
As shared earlier, the majority of metal detectors have discrimination features. However, there’s a group of metal detectors that do not have the discrimination feature. These metal detectors are commonly known as all-metal machines.
As the name suggests, they give you signals of all metals when prospecting. They have their advantages and situations, but if you’re looking for something specific like bullets, experts recommend that you purchase a metal detector with the discrimination feature.
Not only that, but experts also recommend getting a metal detector with the discrimination feature if you’re new to the hobby. There are numerous metal detectors to choose from when you’re new to things.
Here’s a table on the different levels of conductivity and sounds to different targets.
|0-10||Low tone or grunt||iron|
|11-25||Low to mid-tone||small bits of aluminum, birdshot, and other small bits of metal|
|26-50||Mid-tone||pull tabs, bottle caps, nickels, small gold rings, shotgun shells, and other low conductors|
|51-70||Mid to high tone||Larger gold rings, zinc pennies, Indian Head pennies, buttons, and bullets|
|71-100||High tone||silver, dimes, quarters, half dollars, dollars, and various large items|
The discriminator tool may come across as a fantastic tool that will help you differentiate what you want from what you don’t want when prospecting. The unfortunate side to this assumption is that discriminators aren’t perfect.
The only way to honestly know what object or target you’re picking up is to dig it up and get it out of the ground. It’s the full proof way of getting things done the right way.
From my experience, I find a lot of trash. Bottle caps, gum wrappers and pull tabs. In terms of finds with value – my number one is clad coins.
Metal Detecting Tip: The best way to get invited back to a private property to metal detect is to complete your search and asking the property owner where to throw out the trash you picked.
When consulting with detectorists with more experience than me, coins and jewelry are some of the most common things to find when prospecting.
Bullets aren’t as common, but there’s still a probability of finding a bullet while prospecting. Particularly when scanning battle fields or hunting camps.
Let’s say that you did find a bullet; what do you do with it? Well, on their own (without a firearm, that is,) bullets aren’t dangerous. The only problem comes when minors misuse them.
Not only that, but it’s challenging to set off a bullet without a firearm. The point is that the bullet will not explode if you do not involve a firearm. So what do you do with it?
There are three places you can go to dispose of ammunition:
- Your local police station
- Your local hazardous waste collection point
- Local gun range
If you find a used and invaluable bullet, you can take it to your local police station, and they can dispose of it for you. But what if your local police station doesn’t do that?
You can take the bullet or bullets to your local hazardous waste collection point. You can put your trust in the training of the staff there. They know how to take care of hazardous waste items like bullets and cleanly get them off your hands.
On the other hand, what if you don’t have either of these options? Depending on your location, you can visit your local gun range and ask them for assistance. If none of this work, go back to the police station and request a way forward to properly get rid of the bullet.
Remember that bullets are not dangerous if they are on their own. On the other hand, when loaded into a firearm, they become a whole new object entirely.
Now that we’ve covered what to do while metal detecting and you come across a bullet, here’s what not to do in the same scenario.
Experts recommend that you should not bury the bullet. Why? Bullets consist of metals. Metals are not biodegradable materials. You can use gunpowder as fertilizer, but the rest of the bullet, the jacket, etc., are non-degradable.
Next on the list of things you shouldn’t do is throw it away in the trash. When your garbage truck comes to pick up your trash, it runs through a compactor. The compactor is capable of causing the bullet to explode, which isn’t safe for the people collecting your trash. Not only them but anyone else around the truck. Experts recommend avoiding your trash can altogether. There are other ways (mentioned above) to get rid of the ammunition.
Lastly, don’t soak the bullet in oil and water and then throw it away in the trash. Dispose of it correctly. The legend is that if you soak old bullets, the gunpowder will lose its spark. There is some truth to it; however, there’s no guarantee that the gunpowder will lose its spark.
Not only that, but you will also be throwing the uncertain bullet in the trash where it might explode when running through the compactor. It’s better to cover your bases before disposing of ammunition, and to choose to soak the bullet and throw it away isn’t a full-proof method.
It’s best to contact one or two of the places mentioned above to get assistance on how to dispose of your bullet. They in the future you’ll have the knowledge to get rid of it properly.
Metal detectors are capable of finding bullets because of the metal material used to make bullets. This feat is possible thanks to the original purpose of metal detectors and their current purpose.
Nothing about their mission has changed over time. Not only that but disposing of bullets is a responsible thing to do. Ensure that you take care of yourself and the people around you by disposing of the ammunition properly.
But if you find an old bullet that might be worth something, it no longer becomes trash but treasure. Ensure that you get an estimate of its value and work on whether or not you want to sell it or keep it as a token of your hard work while prospecting.
Old bullets can hold some value, so be sure to consult your local expert and get a price for your bullet. You have nothing to lose, and it can make for a great story.
Are You Interested in What Other Metal Detector Enthusiasts Are Asking? Here Are Some Extremely Helpful FAQs.
Guns are typically made of metal. So, a metal detector may be capable of finding a gun. The same applies to the majority of weapons. Most weapons consist of metals, so it’s pretty likely to find one with a metal detector.
Rubber bullets have a metal core and sometimes a metal jacket. So, a metal detector can find them.
Bullets are capable of creating magnetic waves that can sound off metal detectors. They are metallic and are thus capable of setting off metal detectors.
More Metal Detecting Articles:
- Metal Detecting Digging Tools – Tells you all about shovels, scoops and how to dig a plug.
- Where are the Best Places for a Beginner to Metal Detect? – Just like the title says, this article points the beginner to the highest probability places.
- Can You Metal Detect on BLM Land? – So many people have asked me about BLM detecting I had to write this article.
David Humphries, Writer and Creator of METAL DETECTING TIPS. After borrowing my son’s detector and finding $.25. I felt like a treasure hunter. FREE MONEY! I was seriously bitten by the metal detecting bug.
Brandon Neice, The Metal Detecting Bible (Berkley: Ulysses Press, 2021) 128.